Bergamot is also known, somewhat confusingly, as Bee Balm, Scarlet Bee-balm, Horsemint, Oswego Tea, and by its genus name, Monarda. All varieties are aromatic and highly attractive to pollinators, including hummingbirds. Pick the leaves as desired for fresh use in the kitchen. For drying, harvest leaves before the flowers open. Cut flowers for drying as soon as they’re fully open. Masses of tiered pink-purple blossoms grow from August until frost. Deadhead regularly to prolong the blooming period.
Lemon Bergamot is a fast growing herb. When crushed the leaves have a lemon fragrance. The plant forms a clump with stems growing out from the centre. White, pink or purple flowers grow around the stems, creating a lovely flower show.
Height: 24 in.
Days to Maturity: 120
Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade